ICON utilises Hedera Hashgraph to achieve the gold standard for security in the field of distributed consensus: Asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerance (ABFT). Other platforms that use coordinators, leaders, or communication timeouts tend to be vulnerable to  Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks against those vulnerable areas. Hashgraph is resilient to these types of attacks against the consensus algorithm, and achieves the theoretical limits of security defined by ABFT. Achieving this level of security at a scale of hundreds of thousands of transactions per second is a fundamental advance in the field of distributed systems and it is the gold standard for security in this category.

Many applications require that the consensus order of transactions match the actual order in which the transactions are received by the network. It should not be possible for a single party to prevent the flow of transactions into the network, nor influence the order of transactions in the eventual community consensus. A fair consensus algorithm ensures that if a user can submit a transaction to the network at all, then the transaction will be received by the network and the order in which it was received will be a fair ordering. Hashgraph uniquely ensures that the actual order transactions are received by the community will be reflected in the consensus order. In other words, hashgraph ensures both Fair Access and Fair Ordering.

Formal proofs of the ABFT and fairness properties for the hashgraph consensus algorithm exist and have been available for public review since June, 2016. Furthermore, the hashgraph algorithm has been validated as ABFT by a math proof checked by computer using the Coq system in October, 2018.


Creators and Custodians of Intergenerational wealth readily acknowledge that new statutes and regulations targeting their wealth ensures that Privacy and Compliance are top of mind. There are four states of Privacy including:

  1. Solitude ~ Establishing physical separation from other individuals;
  2. Intimacy ~ Inviting select individuals into trusted relationships;
  3. Anonymity ~ A desire to restrict information available in the public domain;
  4. Reserve ~ Protecting and Controlling access to your data and assets.

In 2010, as part of FATCA, US Congress enacted new disclosure requirements for specified foreign financial assets (“SFFAs”). The types of reportable assets include: direct holdings of stock in foreign entities, interests in foreign funds, depository accounts, custodial accounts, or interests in financial institutions.

In 2018, the CRS was adopted across the G20 requiring the name and identifying number of the reporting foreign financial institution (FFI) as well as the name and the account number, year end balance, address, tax identification number, date and place of birth of each reportable person.

Interestingly, Gold held in a custodial account maintained by an FFI (bank) would be considered reportable, however, Gold held in an independent vault or safety deposit box is exempt from declaration provided (i) the vault is not in an FFI (bank) or (ii) the storage arrangement is not a financial account.



Fibonacci’s Golden Mean is a mathematical formula that permeates the fractal design of our world from subatomic DNA structures the patterns of the stars in the universe. The Golden Mean is embedded in the architecture of our most iconic buildings from the Great Pyramids to Sydney’s Opera House. Since the dawn of humanity, Trusted Sacred Symbols found in places of worship have been generating carrier waves that are literally broadcasting information.

Trust can be traced to the neurobiological activity of our human brain. Our increasingly complex world slows decision making, so we use heuristic defaults like intuition and common sense to help the process. Gold has become the heuristic default for 6000 years because across geography, language, culture and economics, it is the numeraire that the entire world agrees on. Gold is Value.

The stock of Gold refers to the available c200,000MT mined throughout history and the flow refers to the c2,700MT mined annually. Mathematically, Gold has a stock and flow ratio of 1.35%. The stock of our Planet refers to the c7.45b inhabitants and the flow is a net 80m people added per year. Mathematically, Humanity has a stock and flow ratio of 1.20%. As people move up through Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, they create surpluses that are stored in a trusted reserve asset like Gold. Hall’s Law suggests that the stock and flow ratios of Gold and Humanity have been correlated for centuries and the ratios are immune to manipulation.


J. Bradley Hall


J. Bradley Hall

Founder, Chairman, CEO

Previous Experience

J. Bradley Hall is the Chairman and CEO of ICON. Brad is the architect and driving force behind the launch of a number of successful companies and he enjoys a reputation as a focused, energetic entrepreneur with 33 years of finance, M&A, operational, Gold trading and fund management experience. Brad has deployed disruptive business models challenging outdated and often vulnerable incumbents across cultures and geographies including: the Americas, Brasil, Western/Eastern Europe, the CIS and Asia.

Mr. Hall graduated from Seneca College in Toronto where he focused on International Business, Finance and Economics.

Previous Experience

A physical Gold trading platform that was ranked Hong Kong’s top new startup.

A listed Oracle partner that in less than 24 months raised USD$34.5m and grew to 1000+ customers and employees in 30+ emerging markets.

A Toronto based structured products fund that in less than 5 weeks raised an initial CDN$128m from 25,000 retail investors, and grew to CDN$1.8bn AUM when it was sold.

A USD$100m IBM channel push for OS2 that added 6m new customers, generating USD$1bn in new licensing revenue (in less than a year).

Integrity Software leveraged a ‘C’ code compiler into an automated software factory that was sold to a USD$20bn Indian managed services group.

A pre-Google, pre-GPS, location-specific search company, that pivoted to become the leading provider of real-time trading data for non-professional investors in North America. The company listed and then was sold.

Robert Flohr

Managing Director, Corporate Development

Previous Experience

Robert Flohr is the MD ~ Corporate Development for ICON. Bob has had a long career as a senior advisor and consultant to major banks, asset management firms, private investors and technology businesses.  He spent over 20 years headquartered in London and continues to operate globally. He has worked with the boards and executive leadership of a number of banks, consulting on issues related to corporate restructuring and integration, strategic planning and business growth, management development, succession planning, leadership and change management.  He has been a major catalyst in a number of the most significant transformations and growth stories in global banking over the past 25 years. He has assisted a European firm in raising capital and improving the performance of a portfolio company, as well as assisted in the restructuring of an important Middle East regional bank. He has served on the board of a European Payments business and of the holding company of a Bermuda bank.

Currently, he offers his sage experience as an advisor and board member for a number of entrepreneurial ventures specifically focusing on emerging technologies and businesses involving the Blockchain and distributed ledgers.  These businesses are focusing on such diverse platforms as payments, e-commerce, mobility and commodities, among others.

He is a graduate of Princeton University and spent four years early in his career as an Assistant Dean of Admissions and Academic Advisor at the university.    

Previous Experience

Bob began his consulting career at McKinsey and Company, where he spent almost six years.  He has a number of years of executive search experience, including working with Korn Ferry as the head of the Financial Services Practice for Europe and with responsibility for coordinating global coverage and client service for investment banks and asset management firms.

David Fritsche

Chairman's Advisor, Strategic Secure Communications

Previous Experience

David Fritsche is the Chairman’s Advisor ~ Strategic Secure Communications for ICON. David has worked for 30 years in technology and is the Founder and CTO of Secured Communications, offering enterprise and government entities sophisticated mobile encryption using the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).

He worked at NASA on Voyager II, Galileo and IRAS projects, where he won the Award of Excellence. 

He has consulted for hundreds of companies including Intel, AT&T, Boeing and Microsoft where he was asked to transition the SQL Server to the web and also co-authored a book.

David is fluent in 100+ programming languages and holds a Bachelors Degree from Life Pacific College, taught Computer Science at the University of Nevada-Reno and has several software certifications from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Previous Experience

Incubating USD$1bn+ in value creation as well as, the founder of the GSN Smart City Blockchain.

A full-stack software development company focused on database and Blockchain technology

Asif Adatia

Chairman's Advisor, Strategic Trading Platforms

Previous Experience

Asif Adatia is the Chairman’s Advisor ~ Strategic Trading Platforms for ICON. Asif is a seasoned technology professional having over 28 years of experience at top tier investment banks. Asif had numerous leadership roles at Goldman Sachs including being part of the executive management team that setup Goldman Sachs India.

Asif graduated from Imperial College London, with a BSc(Eng) in Computer Science.

Previous Experience

He was responsible for the transformation of the trading platform and creating the award winning mobile and web and trading platform.

Responsible for transformation of the business from various legacy and out-dated platforms to a scalable, low latency automated platform.

Once again transforming the business platform from out-dated legacy technology to modern, scalable, cloud based technologies, future proofing the bank and allowing a much simpler architecture and the ability to make change and innovate at a much lower cost.

George Kanaan

Chairman's Advisor, Strategic Arab Financial Institutions

George Kanaan is the Chairman’s Advisor ~ Strategic Arab Financial Institutions for ICON. George has been CEO and Director of the Arab Bankers Association in London since August 2009. The Association issues publications, conducts events and generally serves as a professional focus for Arab bankers in London, as well as to those working in Europe and across the Arab world.

Mr. Kanaan has been involved in banking and finance for most of his professional career and served in many capacities with Citibank and First Chicago. In London, he created and managed The Saudi American Bank branch and an associated investment company SCMI. He has written extensively on banking and finance and serves on the board of a number of Financial and Industrial companies.

Mr. Kanaan studied at the American University of Beirut, Carnegie-Mellon University, the University of Bridgeport and the Harvard Business School.

He holds degrees in Engineering and Business Administration.

Ali Rupani

Chairman's Advisor, Strategic Sovereign Wealth

Ali Rupani is the Chairman’s Advisor ~ Strategic Sovereign Wealth. Having spent 15 years in Investment Banking, 10 years at Goldman Sachs and 5 years at HSBC previously.  Ali developed deep FICC (Fixed Income, Currency & Commodities) relationships across Sovereign, Institutional, Corporate and Family Office Client bases in various Emerging Markets with primary focus on the Middle East and Africa.  

Mr Rupani graduated from University College London (UCL) with a BA (Hons) in Philosophy and Economics.

Peo Stromberg

Chairman's Advisor, Strategic Partners EMEA

Peo Stromberg is the Chairman’s Advisor ~ Strategic Partners EMEA for ICON. Peo is a seasoned entrepreneur with 30 years experience in a broad range of technology industries with focus on business development. With a reputation for a deep understanding of the technology landscape, Mr Stromberg has been focusing on creating innovative synergies utilising a combination of cutting edge Blockchain, next generation sensors and asset backed smart contracts.

Mr Stromberg is currently Head of Strategic Partnerships, MENA region, at Hedera, the 4G Blockchain. He was also: CEO of record and publishing companies, working with business modelling on leveraging of IP rights. Peo also developed new streaming media formats for 3G Mobile Operators creating financial windfalls for participants including at MyQuran, which won industry several awards. Mr Stromberg is also active in leading and securing multi million financing deals for luxury condominium conversions. Mr Stromberg was Head of Innovation at Sweden’s fastest growing and most profitable IT Consultant where he established an extensive network in the Middle East and Southeast Asia. He is now based in Malta.

Mr Stromberg studied Programming and Business Economy at the University of Stockholm.

Ted Baker

Chairman's Advisor - Strategic Derivative Products

Ted has spent over four decades working in leadership roles in the financial services industry where he developed an expertise in Specialist Trading, OTC Trading, International Sales Trading, Options and Equity Derivatives, Agency Equity Trading and Correspondent Clearing Services for Broker Dealers. He provided infrastructure outsource solutions, client accounting, end customer client and dealer information and business process platforms, electronic interfaces with hundreds of preferred financial product service providers and industry utilities, a broker neutral mutual fund platform and a comprehensive global securities execution and settlement platform.

Ted was Chairman of Pershing Trading Company, a BNY Mellon company where he was responsible for oversight of all Agency trading, Equity Specialist, OTC and Fixed Income proprietary trading activities. He served on the Executive Committee of Pershing LLC and the Board of Pershing LTD in London. During his leadership, Pershing transformed the operating model of the financial services industry allowing over 1000 partners and clients including: broker dealers, banks mutual funds, RIA’s, and independent money mangers to leverage the Pershing platform to eliminate legacy inefficiencies and stale business models and focus on their core competency, resulting in dramatically improved financial performance.

Ted was also a Principal and CEO of Olson Global Markets, an independent technical research provider to the ” Who’s Who ” of portfolio managers including Fidelity, Blackrock and Alliance. Ted has served as past Vice Chairman of PHLX, Chair of SIA Options and Derivative Products Committee, Board member of Options Clearing Corporation, and Options Advisory Committee of NASD, Montreal Stock Exchange and CBOE. Ted graduated from Carroll University and went on to serve his alma mater as Vice Chair and Board member for a decade.

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